3D Design in Bamboo

OCTOBER 7 – 11, 2019

Investement: $650

More information: [email protected]

Introduction

This will be an intensive course in which participants will be introduced to bamboo and a selection of 3D modelling software. Participants will use a base design which is the ​‘RosadeLosVientos’​ roof system in response to an actualarchitectural brief. This will then be modelled in the computer by learning Rhinoceros 3D, and then a component will beselected within the design to develop through parametric software to create design options.

The course will focus on the setting and requirements of office facilities for a EUROCLIMA+ global climate changeproject in the upper Mamoní Valley. The structure and roof will be incorporated into the meeting space planned for thatfacility located on land owned by Fundación Geoversity in the village of El Valle in the Mamoní Valley Preserve. Thementioned project concerns non-carbon benefits, including the option of focusing on sustainable housing, ecotourisminfrastructure and potentially the entire bamboo value chain. The structure will therefore benefit all four communities inthe valley and serve as inspiration for the project on this location.

Agenda

The UN Sustainable Development Goal 11 (SDG11) requires that by 2030 all require adequate, safe and affordablehousing and suggests that the building of sustainable and resilient buildings utilising local materials should be a catalystfor development [1]. In 2014 the percentage of the Panama urban population living in slums was higher than India at25.8% [2]. Panama’s celebrated building boom, has also affected many which have seen housing made less affordable[3]. Secure resilient housing is key to developing a countries economy and by 2030 if Panama is to achieve SDG 11,and address the need for all for adequate, safe and affordable housing, then architects are going to have to workpractically and adventurously with locally available, natural sustainable materials such as bamboo. ​In recent years, the Government of Panama and the chambers of commerce have, to their credit, chosen to promote sustainableecotourism. We are now seeing a high degree of government and private sector receptivity to the natural designwith natural materials ideas that Geoversity Design has been promoting over the last four years. The governingauthorities of the indigenous territories and comarcas of Panama have also expressed keen interest in usingbamboo and other natural materials in the construction of culturally appropriate and affordable housing and ecotouristic facilities.

Tropical economies are large producers of bamboo, a material with good tensile and compressive properties and a lowcarbon footprint when sourced locally. Bamboo will degrade if not designed or built correctly. Exposure to UV light andmoisture can bleach, crack and encourage fungal growth causing structural and aesthetic damage which impactsgreatly the perception of bamboo in the mind of potential end users, reinforcing the notion of bamboo as temporary, orthe ‘poor man’s timber’. In order to reduce the cost of design and change this negative perception of bamboo, therehave been moves by architects to develop a greater synthesis between their current computational design processesand materials with natural variability such as bamboo. Computational design tools allow the architect to visualise ideasand they can be modified and analysed interactively, though this modification can still be time consuming. Parametricsoftware allows us to build on this process and specify relationships among parameters and instantly output versions oriterations of a design, based on associative rules set by the designer.

This course will offer participants the chance to explore the gap between computational design software and the realitiesbamboo construction. Participants will learn about bamboo and how architects should design for durability usingsoftware such as Rhinoceros 3D and Grasshopper. Increasing the architectural tool set and applying this tounderutilised locally available sustainable materials will hopefully be a first step to build capacity in the constructionsection and in a position to apply this knowledge to the needs of those who need resilient, sustainable and adequatebuildings.

Working in groups of 2 or 3, using the ​‘Rosa de Los Vientos’​ as a base, groups will be asked to model the roof system inRhinoceros 3D. Participants will then be asked to identify parameters in the design which could be used to develop thedesign further. These can be: applying different joint sizes; or length of members, etc. In groups an algorithm ingrasshopper will be built and this will allow the roof system to adapt to new site parameters whilst ensuring durability,and give those building the design the relevant information.

More information: https://geoversity.org/assets/public_files/events/GD-2019-10-3D_Design_in_Bamboo-Course.pdf


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