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Puestos de trabajo
Consultancy for the Development of Short Documentary in Nicaragua, Brazil, Bolivia y Dominican Republic

Publicado el 16 de abril de 2018 por PLAN


Fecha límite de inscripción: 24 de abril de 2018

Short Documentary in four Country Offices

(Nicaragua, Brazil, Bolivia, Dominican Republic)

Concept Note for Plan International ROA

Regional or Country Office:

Regional Office for the Americas (ROA)

Nicaragua ( TBC)

Brazil ( TBC)

Bolivia / TBC)

República Dominicana ( TBC)

Activity:

Development of a high-quality and innovative documentary by audio-visual professionals.

Implementation Period:

April 15- June 30

Contact Person at IH and RO:

Emma Puig de la Bellacasa

1.Context

Plan International's Global Strategy 2017-2022, 100 Millions Reasons, and its new organisational purpose direct its work to strive for a just world that advances children’s rights and equality for girls. In this rapidly-changing world, exclude children, particularly girls and young women, face increasing marginalisation. Plan International plays a global leading role in delivering transformative change for girls because it is right and necessary, and because it builds a just world for all children. Plan International works with young men and boys, as well as girls and young women, to secure gender equality and the rights to which all children are entitled. Plan International, through its high-quality gender transformative programming and meaningful advocacy and influencing work pursues deep-seated change to transform power relations so that girls everywhere learn, lead, decide and thrive.

Lack of empowerment is one of the main barriers that prevent girls and young women from realising their rights and to be forced to married and in forced unions. Strategic programmatic work to support girls’ empowerment is a core strategy for Plan International to achieve a world that values girls, promotes their rights, and ends injustice.Working on effective and evidence-based approaches to challenge harmful gender and social norms like girls forced marriages and forced unions is key for achieving the Global Goals for Sustainable Development (in particular, Goal 5).

 

The problem: Girls forced marriages and unions in Latin America and Caribbean

Child, early and forced marriage (CEFM) refers to any formal marriage or informal union involving a boy or girl under the age of 18. [1] In Latin America and the Caribbean, is very common to find informal unions ( sometimes forced) marked by cohabitation without any civil or religious ceremony. These informal unions, which often appear consensual, tend to be seen neither as “marriage” nor as involving “children”. As such, different terms are used: Child marriage, early unions, inappropriate unions, early marriages, early forced marriages and early weddings

15 million girls become child brides every single year. In Latin America, around 1 in 4 girls marry before they turn 18. Especially girls from rural areas, poor households and indigenous communities risk early marriage in the region. Child, early, and forced marriage (CEFM) is a grave violation of human rights.

Data and information are limited but national demography and health surveys showed that the countries with the highest prevalence of women aged 20-24 years who got married or had a civil union before the age of 18 are Nicaragua with 41%, Dominican Republic with 40%, Honduras with 39%, Brazil with 36%, Guatemala with 30% and El Salvador with 25%[2].

Brazil remains in the top ten countries in terms of the absolute number of girl’s married and in union worldwide.[3] .The Dominican Republic, the unions between adult men and underage adolescents is a customary practice. 13% of Dominicans between 20 and 49 years of age entered into marriage before age 15 and 40% before age 18[4]

Girls who are married early are more vulnerable to violence, abuse, poor health and early childbearing. CEFM robs girls of their childhood, hampers their education and limits their future prospects. Girls forced marriage and union is a grave violation of human rights. Girls who are married or in forced union are more vulnerable to all forms of gender violence, HIV, abuse, poor health and forced pregnancies. CEFM robs girls of their childhood, hampers their education and limits their future prospects. Moreover, girls who are most at risk of force marriage and forced union in LAC are from rural areas and poor households and often belong to indigenous and afro-descendants populations. Social stigma around early pregnancies and single motherhood often push adolescent girls into forced unions.[5] .These marriages and unions include a spectrum from apparently consensual unions involving spouses close in age, to those with significant age gaps between the girl and the man, and those involving elements of force or coercion of the girl by the man, her family, and/or others.[6] .

Frequently girls, are also likely to have little understanding of what marriage means, or will grow up in a culture which normalises early marriage. In addition, many girls will not even know that they will get married or in union before they suddenly find themselves prepared for the ceremony. Also the romantic love myth is also an important risk factor that establish unequal power relations between the genders. Therefore, of gender violence which link affective relations with control, jealousy, extreme sacrifices and abandonment of herself. This contribute to a normalization of the girls’ early forced marriage and union as well.

18+ program Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and Marriage was developed by Plan International as part of the Because I Am a Girl campaign’s Girls 2030: Transformative Programmes / Real Impact. The program 18+ for Latin-American has been designed as a comprehensive programme for tackling the issue of Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and Marriage by addressing the root causes behind the problem at all possible levels.

18+ in Latin-American provides girls with skills and knowledge to understand and exercise their rights. The programme also mobilises families and communities to change the values and norms that support Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and increases access to quality and safe schooling, health services and child protection mechanisms. Moreover, 18+ program in Latin America works to develop economic empowerment schemes and supports local, national and regional governments to strengthen, implement and resource laws and policies which prevent girls, Early and Forced unions

2.Rationale:

Due to the limited information and awareness in Latin America and the Caribbean about the girls forced marriages and unions, the full scope of the issue in the region is still unknown and invisible. Making girls forced marriages and unions visible, is the first step in tackling this harmful practice. Girls are systematically denied their right to make decisions related to their own bodies and their lives and cannot access information about their rights. Which represents an obstacle to girls’ full participation in society and the fulfilment of their potential. The realization of their rights is important for bringing about gender equality and empowering girls in all aspects of life.

The documentary will hence portray on how Girls forced marriage and unions is driven by complex and intersecting social , cultural and economic factors which, although varying from context to context, continue to undermine national legislation and efforts to end the harmful practice. [i]Social, cultural and economic factors are closely intertwined and difficult to separate. Social norms defines that girls and women are valued primarily for their reproductive capacities. [ii] Girls forced marriage is it is also the recognition that girls can be legitimately “sexualized” and marriage leads to ccontrol of the sexuality of girls and their bodies. The younger girls are when they marry, the wider is the age difference between them and their husbands.[iii] A large age gap between spousals’ is believed to have an impact on power relations in the household and the relationship. Harmful practices, such as child marriage and union are intricately linked to issues of value, power and control.[iv] Values and social norms drive child marriage. In some cultures, girls are primarily valued for their reproductive capacities and their role as wife and mother.[v] However, a core element of child marriage is the belief that girls’ ability to reproduce must in line with social norms around acceptability of pregnancy and sexual relations. This leads to the belief that girls and young women’s sexual and reproductive lives need to be controlled – by the community at large and their family specifically.[vi]

The proposed action will document and portray the different issues pertaining CEFM in LAC . Wich is rooted in gender inequality and discriminatory social norms around girls’ and women’s roles in the family, communities and society. In this region, early pregnancy, sexual violence among minors and child marriage are closely linked, either as a driver or a consequence of one another. Analysing how in some contexts girls themselves may see marriage or unions as a way of finding some freedom where families place strong restrictions on their sexuality, or where they come from violent homes. Or how marriage and motherhood can also be a way for adolescent girls to gain respectand statusas they become women in the eyes of society. Girls may see this as a way to give a meaning to their life, especially where there are few alternatives. The documentary will also look to the harmful masculinities, boys and young men’s expectations of girls, societies expectations of boys and young men and the value of girl: “protection” and control of girl. The norms around girlhood and womanhood, their sexuality and what is expected from them, marriage agency, choice and decision-making which are heavily gendered; norms around parental responsibility to ensure that children are married and settled.

3.Specific Locations and Participants

 

It is envisioned: girls´ between 10 and 18 years, young women 18-24 who have already gone through forced unions or marriage. Adult men and adult women that have been though child marriage and unions.

The specific projects and locations (e.g. programme units – PUs) where this action will take place will be decided at a later stage in consultation with Countries and other relevant staff. It is proposed that the documentary focuses in the country locations in wich PLAN is conducting a regional research in Latin America and the Caribbean to gather in-depth evidence on the special social and cultural practices and attitudes that drive CEFM in the region in Dominican Republic, Brasil, Nicaragua and Bolivia

4.Objectives and Expected Outcomes

 

4.1 Main Objective:

-Develop innovative audio-visual materials to gather stories of change that could be used:

oPrimarily, for awareness raising and advocacy, including by girls and young people themselves.

oSecondarily, for leveraging support from other key stakeholders such as governments, UN agencies, and major donors.

 

4.2 Specific Objectives:

-To hear, document and amplify the voices of girls by showcasing their journeys of change towards empowerment Explore young men’s understanding of girls forced marriage and unions and the impact on girls lives

-Explore boys understanding of child forced marriage and unions and its impact on their own and girls’ decisions around it

-To complement “hard evidence” and results from programmatic work around girls forced marriage and unions for successful influencing in Latin america, by Plan International and youth themselves, to inform decision-making and strengthen support among relevant actors at local, national, and international levels. .

5.Expected Outputs:

-1 innovative and high-quality video documentary (duration: approximately 30 minutes).

-5 short videos for social media and other relevant platforms (duration: approximately 40 seconds each).

-Promotional material and audio-visual (duration: approximately 3 minutesdistributed internationally in movie festivals and other broadcast (e.g. television).

5.1.1Description of the Activity:

After consultation with Regional office for the Americas and relevant team members from the programs and influencing team and CO level staff, in terms of vision and expectations for the final products, a team of audio-visual professionals[7] will travel to each of the four Country office to document the journey of change of some girl participants. The documentation will be done from the perspective of girls themselves and will be presented in an innovative manner. A member of the regional office of the Americas will accompany the team of audio-visual professionals in the trips for quality assurance, adherence to Plan International’s child protection policy, and for provision of other relevant support. After the proposed fieldwork has concluded, rounds of feedback for further editing of the documentary will be organised.

It is envisioned that the final product will provide a closer look of the problematic in Latin America. The documentary (and accompanying short videos) will touch upon the issues that affect girls in relation to girls forced marriages and unions (e.g. control of girls’ sexuality, mobility, control over their bodies, decision-making, etc.). Moreover, the documentary will also delve into the process of changing unbalanced power relations and experienced tensions girls and boys and how their personal and collective growth has contributed to their sustainable empowerment. This journey of change is based on a process of reflection amongst participants for shifting rigid gender norms, highlighting their costs and privileges, so as to create more equitable and just personal and social relations.

6.Added Value and Innovation

New Strategic Partners: It is expected that through the implementation of this action, youth, staff, and partners will share the 18+ program Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and Marriage and experiences with other partners (e.g. other youth, local organisations, communities, decision-makers, etc.) and therefore cascade the model horizontally and vertically. The establishment of strategic partnerships and collaboration will further contribute to influencing efforts by youth and Plan International Offices, at different levels, and strengthen results around Plan International’s area of global distinctiveness on SRHR and its programmatic/influencing pillar centred on “Decide.”

Multiplier Effect: Documenting on girls forced unions and marriage as a successful, cost-effective model for advancing gender equality and girls’ rights is strategic for furthering and operationalising Plan International’s purpose. 18+ program Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and Marriage creates safe spaces for youth to voice their own interests and concerns around gender justice and for the production of youth-led gender transformative processes based on the youth’s own initiatives which in turn increase the impact of the interventions. 18+ program Ending Child, Early and Forced unions and Marriage has been designed to help to build alliances and coalitions to raise awareness and accelerate change towards the realisation of girls’ rights and gender equality to prevent girls forced unions and marriage. Highlighting this multiplier effect is key for showcasing the model’s cost-effectiveness among relevant stakeholders, including governments, CSOs and donors.

[1] In line with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the definition of child, early and forced marriage accepted internationally.

[2]National and demographic health surveys

[3] Promundo, She goes with my boat. Child and adolescent marriage in Brazil, 2015 .

[4](ENDESA, 2013)

[5]Girls Not Brides, Exploratory Research: Child marriage in Latin America, 2014.

[6] Op. Cit. UNFPA, 2012.

[7] A potential candidate for carrying out this action is Asma Films Productions as they have previously developed the Champions of Change’s documentary ”That’s Me.”

[i] ODI, Unhappily Ever After: Slow and Uneven Progress in the Practice of Child Marriage

[ii] ODI, 2014, Unhappily Ever After: Slow and Uneven Progress in the Practice of Child Marriage

[iii] International Centre for Research on Women (2016) ‘Too Young to Wed’ p. 4.

[iv] Plan International, Ending Harmful Practices Against Children, 2015

[v] ODI (2013) ‘Slow and uneven progress’, p. 4.

[vi] International Women's Health Coalition, CARE International et al (2015) ‘CHILD, EARLY AND FORCED MARRIAGE AND THE CONTROL OF SEXUALITY AND REPRODUCTION’, p. 1.

Next step: If you are interested in this consultancy, please submit your proposal no later than April 24th to Karina.lang@plan-international.org